.NET core is really easy to get up and running. Download the installer relevant to your environment from https://www.microsoft.com/net/download/core An IDE such as Visual Studio is optional. I’m going to start with the command line version as it’s really quick to get running. It also doesn’t need much resources for a development environment, which is great as I’m currently using a Samsung Tablet with 2 Gig of RAM to write this blog post.
There is a “Current” and a “LTS” version. Choose which version suites your support needs. “LTS” versions are supported for 3 years. “Current” is the latest version, and is supported for 3 months. I’m going to use “Current” here as it contains all the new juicy bits.
The installer will take a minute or two to run. Once installed, the executable “dotnet” will be added to the path. Also different version of .NET will be installed side by side.
C:\blog\dotnet Microsoft .NET Core Shared Framework Host Version : 1.1.0 Build : 928f77c4bc3f49d892459992fb6e1d5542cb5e86 Usage: dotnet [common-options] [[options] path-to-application] Common Options: --help Display .NET Core Shared Framework Host help. --version Display .NET Core Shared Framework Host version. Options: --fx-version <version> Version of the installed Shared Framework to use to run the application. --additionalprobingpath <path> Path containing probing policy and assemblies to probe for. Path to Application: The path to a .NET Core managed application, dll or exe file to execute. If you are debugging the Shared Framework Host, set 'COREHOST_TRACE' to '1' in your environment. To get started on developing applications for .NET Core, install the SDK from: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=798306&clcid=0x409 C:\blog\
To create a new app, there’s a “new” command. On first execution it will extract and expand, which may take a moment.
Welcome to .NET Core! --------------------- Learn more about .NET Core @ https://aka.ms/dotnet-docs. Use dotnet --help to see available commands or go to https://aka.ms/dotnet-cli-docs. Telemetry -------------- The .NET Core tools collect usage data in order to improve your experience. The data is anonymous and does not include commandline arguments. The data is collected by Microsoft and shared with the community. You can opt out of telemetry by setting a DOTNET_CLI_TELEMETRY_OPTOUT environment variable to 1 using your favorite shell. You can read more about .NET Core tools telemetry @ https://aka.ms/dotnet-cli-telemetry. Configuring... ------------------- A command is running to initially populate your local package cache, to improve restore speed and enable offline access. This command will take up to a minute to complete and will only happen once. Decompressing 100% 2294 ms Expanding 100% 4502 ms
By default, the “dotnet new” command will create a console app. Issuing a “dotnet restore” command, all required packages will be fetched.
02/14/2017 03:01 PM <DIR> . 02/14/2017 03:01 PM <DIR> .. 02/14/2017 03:01 PM 0 dotnet 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 214 Program.cs 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 367 project.json 3 File(s) 581 bytes 2 Dir(s) 92,367,912,960 bytes free C:\blog\dotnet restore log : Restoring packages for C:\blog\project.json... log : Writing lock file to disk. Path: C:\blog\project.lock.json log : C:\blog\project.json log : Restore completed in 899ms. C:\blog\
To run the application simply type “dotnet run”.
C:\blog\dotnet run Project blog (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.1) will be compiled because expected outputs are missing Compiling blog for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.1 Compilation succeeded. 0 Warning(s) 0 Error(s) Time elapsed 00:00:00.6861620 Hello World! C:\blog\
There are various project types: console, web, lib and xunittest. The type can be specified with the -t parameter. The language can be specified with the -l parameter. The available languages are C# and F#
To create a ASP .NET Core / web app, type: “dotnet new -t web”
C:\blog\web>dotnet new -t web Created new C# project in C:\blog\web. C:\blog\web>dir Volume in drive C has no label. Volume Serial Number is 4A07-921B Directory of C:\blog\web 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> . 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> .. 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 36 .bowerrc 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 3,889 .gitignore 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 265 appsettings.json 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 214 bower.json 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> Controllers 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> Data 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 1,193 gulpfile.js 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> Models 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 239 package.json 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 574 Program.cs 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 3,397 project.json 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 2,229 README.md 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> Services 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 3,193 Startup.cs 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> Views 11/11/2016 12:10 AM 563 web.config 02/14/2017 03:12 PM <DIR> wwwroot 11 File(s) 15,792 bytes 8 Dir(s) 92,065,746,944 bytes free C:\blog\web>
Running the web application is simple: the “dotnet run” command will make this happen. It will even host it in web container.
C:\blog\web>dotnet run Project web (.NETCoreApp,Version=v1.1) will be compiled because expected outputs are missing Compiling web for .NETCoreApp,Version=v1.1 C:\blog\web\project.json(5,30): warning NU1007: Dependency specified was Microsoft.NETCore.App >= 1.1.0-preview1-001153-00 but ended up with Microsoft.NETCore.App 1.1.0. Compilation succeeded. 1 Warning(s) 0 Error(s) Time elapsed 00:00:01.3100351 info: Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.DataProtectionServices User profile is available. Using 'C:\Users\apead\AppData\Local\ASP.NET\DataProtection-Keys' as key repository and Windows DPAPI to encrypt keys at rest. Hosting environment: Production Content root path: C:\blog\web Now listening on: http://localhost:5000 Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
Browsing to the URL presented: “http://localhost:5000” will display the ASP .NET core default landing page. This page is also quite useful as it contains links to various learning resources.
.NET core development can be done using any text editor, or in the cross platform lightweight editor Visual Studio Code, or if you prefer the full featured IDE Visual Studio.
Happy .NET core development!