Arduino Smart Watering Kit with Azure IoT Central

I came across this Smart Watering Kit by Elecrow. It was really great, but one thing missing is internet conectivity. We all know that we can’t grow plants without the “I” in IoT! So let’s see what we can do about that!

Electrow Ardunio Smart Plant Watering Kit
Inside the box

The kit comes with everything you need to water four different plants automatically.

The box contains

  • Arduino Leonardo
  • Power Supply
  • Pump
  • 4 Capacitive Moisture Sensors
  • 4 Way valves
  • Pipes

The kit is very comprensive and includes and LCD display which can show at a glance the conditions of your plants.

The board
Serial Port

The board unfortunately does not have built in wifi connectivity. But what it does have is a serial port. That’s perfect, so what we could do is use that to send telemetry out to another device that is internet / wifi enabled.

A good device for that is a good old (and cheap) 8266 board. I had a NodeMCU in my box of tricks, so I decided to use that.

Parts List

  • Arduino Smart Watering Board (Arduino Leonardo)
  • NodeMCU board
  • 2.2 K ohm resistor
  • 1 K ohm Resistor
  • 470 ohm Resistor
  • Breadboard
  • Wires
  • Power Supply

Connecting an Arduino Leonardo to a Node MCU via Serial Port

First step is to make it work on a breadboard.

Parts List

  • Arduino Smart Watering Board (Arduino Leonardo)
  • NodeMCU board
  • 2.2 K ohm resistor
  • 1 K ohm Resistor
  • 470 ohm Resistor
  • Veroboard
  • Wires
  • Power Supply
Connecting an Arduino Leonardo to a Node MCU via Serial Port

Once working, the next step is to build that onto a more permanent solution. I decided to use just veroboard as it was quick and easy.

Two boards up and running

IoT Central

Device Templates

Device Capabilities

Create device capabilities for the moisture sensors as telemetry (Moisture1, Moisture2, Moisture3, Moisture4). [Device Definition json file is in the github repository along with the source code]

Create properties for the 4 relay states for each of the 4 valves. [Device Definition json file is in the github repository along with the source code]

Create a property for the pump state. [Device Definition json file is in the github repository along with the source code]

Publish the template and create an instance of the template as a device.

Instance of a device template

Note the “connection” information for the new device instance.

Device “Connection” information

Take note of the following:

  • Scope ID
  • Device ID
  • Primary Key
iotcserialrelay.ino

Update the iotcserialrelay.ino file with the:

  • WIFI_SSID – The wifi hotspot ssid
  • WIFI_PASSWORD – The wifi hotspot password
  • SCOPE_ID – The Device Instance’s Scope Id
  • DEVICE_ID – The Device Instance’s Device Id
  • DEVICE_KEY 0 The Device Instance’s Key

Deploy iotcserialrelay.ino to NodeMCU.

Deploy watering_kit.ino to the Arduio Smart Watering Board.

Telemetry in IoT Central

Once deployed and connection is made, telemetry starts appearing within IoT Central’s dashboard.

Finished Product with happy plants powered by Microsoft Azure ๐Ÿ˜Ž๐Ÿ˜Ž

Source code: https://github.com/apead/SmartWateringKit

Product Information: https://www.elecrow.com/arduino-automatic-smart-plant-watering-kit.html

Where to buy? https://www.robotics.org.za/AAK90039K

apead

I am a Xamarin MVP, Microsoft Developer Technologies MVP, Microsoft Azure MVP, Architect, Software Developer, Organizer and Sponsor of the Cape Town, and Johannesburg Xamarin Userโ€™s Group and father of 2.